With the first nodes scheduled for installation in November, the ambitious Array of Things project is receiving even more media attention. Led by the CI's Urban Center for Computation and Data, Array of Things aims to provide a fitness tracker for the city, with an expanding network of sensor nodes collecting data on the environment, infrastructure, and traffic at locations around Chicago and immediately releasing that data for use by residents.
Data visualization is among the hottest of science and technology terms right now, gathering more attention and hype as experts deal with larger and larger collections of data. But data visualization is actually a centuries-old process, with classic types such as the bar graph and the pie chart dating back to the 1700s.
Last year, we launched our Inside The Discovery Cloud speaker series to highlight exciting Computation Institute projects across all five of our research areas. This year, we're bringing back the series and the two-speaker format, and focusing on a topic central to the CI mission: collaboration.
All around the world, cities are building new neighborhoods and developments at a scale never before seen in human history. Designing these massive construction projects -- and ensuring that they are energy-efficient and livable for decades to come -- exceeds the limits of the tools architects and urban planners have used in the past.
Science is increasingly a global pursuit, with more and more collaborations spanning national and continental boundaries. A new analysis calculating the scientific impact of 1.25 million journal articles finds that papers with authors from multiple countries are cited more often and more likely to both appear in prestigious journals.
The thesaurus is an essential tool for writers, a helpful reference when they need help expanding their vocabulary. But thesauri are also important for computational text analysis, where automated techniques need information about words with similar meanings to properly categorize text. In scientific fields filled with jargon, where synonyms may not be as rigorously documented as other corners of the English language, the lack of a comprehensive thesaurus could hinder new efforts to reveal new connections and discoveries in millions of published research papers.
We live in boom times for data infrastructure. As more research fields embrace computational methods and new technologies generate larger and larger streams of data, universities, governments, disciplines, and companies are investing heavily in repositories, storage facilities, and other data resources. But as all of these efforts scale up independently, they carry the risk of spreading out important knowledge over hundreds or thousands of localities, creating obstacles and headaches for individuals and collaborations seeking data they need to advance discovery and education.
Last week, the Urban Center for Computation and Data unveiled the alpha version of Plenario, a new online portal for accessing, combining, visualizing, and downloading datasets from cities, states, and other sources. With an emphasis on uniting datasets through their space and time coordinates, the platform makes it much easier for researchers, government analysts, journalists, developers and other users to choose an area of interest and view all the data available at that location.
Inside the busy world of the cell, two of the most important players are actin and ATP. Actin is the most abundent protein in cells, and the cytoskeleton that it forms is responsible for a cell's shape and movement. ATP, adenosine triphosphate, is known as the cell's primary energy source, switching to ADP and donating the resultant energy to a wide range of cellular processes.
When it comes to studying climate change, most of the focus is on greenhouse gases that absorb radiation and warm temperatures at the Earth’s surface. But despite capturing the majority of the blame, greenhouse gases are not the sole contributor to global warming. Aerosols, the small particles once blamed for depleting the planet’s protective ozone layer, are also known to influence the Earth’s climate, though they are sometimes excluded from computer simulations due to their short lifespan and complex effects.